David Bowie, Mary Finnegan and the Marketing of Tibetan Lamas

Mary Finnegan has a new book about David Bowie called the Psychedelic Suburbia: David Bowie and the Beckenham Arts Lab.

You can read it in about two hours. It’s all about who was there, who was who and leaves one with the feeling of who cares.  Well, aficionados of David Bowie  will care and read it, particularly now that he is dead, and young people into his music, and the idea of a “fluid” self as a life choice.   So will those curious about the  “sex, rock and roll” and  early drug scene in the sixties. A pretty large and  marketable crowd.

What is interesting is that in  Mary’s blog post,   in 2013, in the archives at her website Flower Raj she reveals her reason for writing: to expose the”horror stories”  and  “dark side, the very dark side” of  Tibetan Buddhism because of corrupt Tibetan lamas, she says,  and the naiveté of old flower children like Mary.

In this  post she notes that she  had become a “one-woman activist”  exposing Lama Sogyal and his corruptions and the  shadow side of Tibetan Buddhism which she knew well.  Mary did become   a one woman activist and she did expose Sogyal, the predator Tibetan  lama , relentlessly, in article after article in the British Guardian.  Mary  had been in  Lama Soygal’s  inner circle for years.  She was  even one of his older,  female students who ‘pimped” for him finding young and naive women to join his Lama harem.  Unknown to the public,  pimping for their Tibetan  lamas is a common task for many devoted Western students inside their communities or sanghas.

Mary is even more explicit about her  experiences  in her  short memoir about Sogyal,  written anonymously, about  her days in his Rigpa community entitled: “Behind the Thangkas,”

This would have been the better book and more helpful to the younger generation who  will,  sadly,  be fooled by   Tibetan “Buddhism” as so many before them have been  by this book  about David Bowie and his early days at Samye Ling.   Sadly, because  Mary  was almost a  feminist voice for the many women  abused by this Tibetan lama and so many others like him–a feminist voice with experience of the sexual abuse inside these Tibetan Buddhists sanghas that now  appears forever silenced.  The lamas have been silencing their women for hundreds of years.  They don’t have to put them in burqas–they just have to control their minds.

As Mary  says, “she was going to walk away” from Tibetan Buddhism, and “never come back.” Unfortunately for her and all those she could have warned,  Namkai Norbu , and his “genius”  kept that from happening.

Yes, Norbu is a genius, Mary.

He made sure you  didn’t write the other book, the one everyone thought was  was coming-  the  full length book  about Sogyal,  his and all the other lamas’ corruptions of these exiled Tibetan gurus- their “greed” their  “sexual exploitation” and their “political skullduggery, ” as you experienced it.    Instead you wrote another book, a subtle marketing tool for the Tibetan lamas .  Now  Mary reinforces the connection between Tibetan Buddhism and  David Bowie,  if anyone forgot.

More importantly, the Tibetan lamas, who had to seduce Mary back into their fold,  made sure she wrote this one, the one that is about keeping  Tibetan lamas in a  good light.    In fact, Sogyal,  the predator lama, that the Dalai Lama honors and protects while calling himself a”feminist”   is not mentioned at all.

After all the Dalai Lama’s picture to sell Apple computers was enough to keep a halo on him  and his occult “Buddhism” for decades.    Connecting yourself with celebrities  worked for Chogyam Trungpa here in the U.S.as well. He paired himself with Allen Ginsberg, a member of NAMBLA.  Joni Mitchell even wrote  Trungpa  into  one of her songs.

Mary’s book will now  market  tantric Vajrayana Buddhism –a  book approved of by Namkai Norbu, who laughably pretends to his own students that he “isn’t political.”  Now Tibetan “Buddhism”  will be promoted to new groups of naïve westerners:  the  retro-hippie, retro-punk millennial,  “am I a bisexual?” crowd  and any  nostalgic,  old  flower children that weren’t caught the first time around  in the net of  tantra like Mary, because of  David Bowie.

Still, its odd that Mary doesn’t refer to  Chogyam Trungpa  when she writes about  Samye Ling  in her book–where Bowie first found his occult Tibetan Buddhism and surely  found Chogyam Trungpa.

Trungpa was the head abbot at Samye Ling ,  the first tantric center of “crazy wisdom” in the West,   where David Bowie found Trungpa.

But Trungpa isn’t mentioned.  How strange.

Perhaps it’s because  of what the lamas know about Trungpa,  and his chaotic  tantric storm cloud that gathered and poured down  so much confusion on the West,  from which it has never recovered.

The drug and rock and roll scene that Trungpa gathered at Samye Ling when Westerners were being first programmed to hate their own  civilization, was the perfect vehicle to introduce,  by stealth,  the playground for his  “enlightened dictatorship. ”   In  Tibetan Buddhism “anything goes” if it creates chaos and confusion in your host countries to eventually tame them and then control them.

After the ‘shock and awe” period that may take a few generations, because Tibetan Buddhist is a program of its own in “shock and awe.”  Trungpa had come to the West to  create a monarchy of God Kings,  like himself.   Asians with dreams of  world empire,  who  always take the  long view –they are  not taught to be in a rush,  like us.

Studying the  “Art of War” inside and out, like Trungpa taught his military arm to do.   Trungpa believed in “soft power”  to create  a civilization jihad  by stealth.   “Infiltrate”  he eventually told us– after he  first getting us in his tantric  net.   “Clean up your act”,  “dress in suits and ties,” “cut your hair.”  “Go  forth and spread the word.”   Trungpa’s students have never stopped recruiting and propagandizing for their first guru and the vows they took to “create his world.”

Pairing up with Allen Ginsberg and Joni Mitchell and other rock and roll stars in California and their drug scene, particularly the groupies,  didn’t hurt either. These folks all became  Trungpa’s first idiots utiles, in marketing him and helping him to cast his  first net over a critical mass of our generation.   Just as David Bowie was such a useful marketing tool to confuse  a whole generation of trust-fund Brits in the late sixties…. so why not use him again?  For a new group of star-struck groupies?  David Bowie might have come out of his Tibetan Lama phase but not so for many of  his groupies.  That appears much harder for them.

Trungpa was  acting openly about  Tibetan Buddhism’s institutional , sexual exploitation of women ( and men)  for all the public to see. The other lamas hated him for that.  That is probably why Namkai Norbu,  Mary’s new guru to obey, made sure she left Trungpa out of the book.  Guru-worshipers always obey their lamas and Trungpa, you see, was unabashedly  revealing the truth about Tibetan Buddhism  and its medieval, misogynistic, androcentric Lamaism , which so much of the rest of it he seemed to dislike.  He didn’t really like  the hierarchy of Lamaism.  Except for its  medieval sexual practices and the confusion it can create in a group if you  are a little tyrant tulku who wants to  completely control others with your  narcissistic, apocalyptic plans–plans shared by every other Tibetan lama on the planet earth while they fool everyone with their  many Westernized masks.

Trungpa unabashedly proclaimed North America as his land to conquer.  Having more wit and a sense of humor,  that none of these other lamas do, he couldn’t help but make  a caricature of the British nobility  combined with  Asian totalitarian ambitions with his  “Shambhala Court” at the end.

At least that’s what I want to  imagine,  when I slip back into thought- controlled vestiges buried deep in the recesses of my mind.  I find myself still wanting to excuse him for the mess that he created.   “Maybe”, I ponder, “that’s why he drank himself to death.”

It’s hard  for ex-Tibetan Buddhists  to not knee-jerk excuses for their first guru.

Sometimes,  in my  much less frequent,  nostalgic moments,  thinking about  Trungpa,   I believe he might have been  torn about what he was doing in the West and to us. He  was always warning  us about what he was really up to- ” Nothing is going to save you”   he said  and “don’t believe in anything without first checking it out,  not even me”.

His pet peeve with Westerners  was their tendency toward “idiot compassion.”   Now the fruition of the progressive set and their dangerous idealism,  with their malas and meditation,  have brought a  pathological altruism” to a level of insanity,  putting us all in harms’ way .   “Compassion without wisdom” is idiotic, and “peace, love and light ” is for the “very spiritual naive.”  That is what Trungpa was always telling us.  You could say,  without any exaggeration,  those were  Trungpa’s  constant themes.

Then Trungpa’s  notorious regent, Thomas Rich,   got AIDS, and he and Trungpa kept it a secret while their inner circle of guru-worshiping  Western cult members,   obligingly still pimped  to find  him his homosexual partners, long after the cause of the spread of this deadly disease was well-known.  That is how stupid Westerners become inside these Tibetan Buddhist sanghas,  taught  that “facts don’t exist” and ” there is no right or wrong.”  This caused the death of at least one of his young male students.    Too serious, too awful,  for even the distracted United States to completely forget.  It’s there in our collective unconscious, always ready to rear its ugly head. Even the Tibetan lamas know this behavior is hard to excuse.

So Trungpa is left out of Mary’s book about Bowie, even though that was the major influence in his life regarding Tibetan “Buddhism” Lamas since him, following in his footsteps,  have helped the West hate itself  for three generations now.  Millennials should start reading the real  history of Tibet like their mothers and fathers never bothered to do.  There is a chance they are seeing through all this “love and light” that is pushing us over a cliff.

Anyway, what Mary leaves out of her blog post in 2013,  under “Controversy” is that Namkai Norbu , her new guru, was  in the middle of the celebrity lamas who all circled wagons around Sogyal the abuser,  when the CBC documentary in Canada aired.   Even though Norbu tells all his students not to be “political” he was engaged in the political cover-up of the decade with the other celebrity Tibetan lamas. For Tibetan lamas  not  to be political is like not breathing.  They only say that “non-political” stuff for their students so their students won’t pay attention to how political the lamas are.

So this endorsement, protection and therefore enabling  of Sogyal  the predator, by her new Tibetan teacher,  Norbu, was happening  at the same time that Mary was attempting so hard to expose Sogyal abuses and get someone to listen .

Namkai Norbu wrote a glowing letter of endorsement for Sogyal in the summer of 2011, right after the  documentary film was released. He had a picture taken of the two lamas together, him and Sogyal,  glad-handing and arm hugging for the camera.  Both the letter and picture were immediately put up on Sogyal’s “Rigpa” website as if to say:  “See! it has to be lies because your gurus all love Sogyal, the money-making lama from Lakar! ”  All the lamas were panicking, knowing how dangerous this film about Sogyal was to them if their own Western students got a whiff of something spoiling their meditation cloud.

Mary also seems oblivious to the fact that Norbu, her new Tibetan teacher, would not appreciate her “one woman activism” at all. He had come out officially in his own sangha against “feminism” explicitly, wrote about it in his published talks for his sangha, and had hounded Tsultrim Allione,  a female Tibetan teacher, into ‘heretic land” along with the rest of the Lama mafia who compelled her into silence  with the threat of excommunication and hell realms from the Lama cartel for trying to expose the sexual abuse of these high Tibetan lamas. She, too, was completely silenced – with a hat of her own and a throne.

Norbu had actually declared that “feminism and Dzogchen”  the latter his specialty Buddhist practice, could never be compatible. The two were not possible to do together. He wrote these anti-feminist screeds as he was bad mouthing feminists like Ms. Allione. He made it quite clear that you couldn’t be a feminist and a Dzogchen practitioner at the same time. I  bring this up, because Mary does mention Norbu and “Dzogchen” as a marketing pitch for her new lama.

Interestingly,  Mary can still refer to herself as a ‘feminist’ in the same breath as being a  “Dzogchen student of Norbu”   without the predictable Norbu condemnation. May I suggest what  changed is that the Tibetan Lamas have taken up one of their many politically- correct masks,,  the one labelled  “feminism”   among their marketing props.

This mask was specially created to fool all Western women into believing that the Tibetan lamas are feminist activists, too.  That’s why  the Dalai Lama said, “I am a feminist,   while he and his diaspora of exiled Tibetan lamas  turn everything they touch into chaos to help undermine our Western culture that differentiates us from eleventh century medieval rule and  a priestly patriarchy of gurus and their misogynistic teachings that negates female energy  except for birthing  their tulkus and  being their sexual consorts to help them reach enlightenment, not something they believe women can do in those female bodies.

Just like in Old Tibet. That’s what they want to create all over the world.  They are all stuck in  Tibet circa 1130 A.D. , while only physically here on their thrones. They teach  Westerners,  that are foolish enough to walk into their trap,   to  mouth empty,  double talk  just like them,  repeating the words the lamas  have learned from the West  like:  “compassion,”   “feminism” “peace” and “equality” and  even  “ecology,” too. They manage to create Western  “empty vessels,” that’s what they told us all to become,  detached from   family,  children and  stable relations – that’s all there in Mary’s book , too; the children who had to adapt to a topsy-turvy lifestyle while Mary was pursuing “enlightenment” and  David Bowie.    Middle class values that are   Western values -they were the first things that had to go, when following the Tibetan Lamas.

Guru worshipers like Mary  are only focused on  two things:  promoting their gurus  and adoring their gurus and , of course making  lots of money with popular books about Tibetan Buddhism being seen in good light,  so they can give lots of this money to their gurus.  Aren’t these Tibetan gurus clever?  Killing two birds with one stone?     The goal of all  Tibetan lamas is to make us their slaves, and if not that,  at  least not pay attention to their behaviors and beliefs that are anathema to our ideas of freedom, equality and democratic principles.  They do this by making us believe  they are helping to make us free and are bringing the keys to “happiness and peace.”   It’s  their  greatest and most clever  “bait and switch.”  That way we will let our own Western culture, values and ethics slip away.  Inside a medieval dream.

Now Mary,  like the few Western Tibetan Buddhists feminists before her – I can count them on one hand and not use all my fingers-  those  who have tried to speak out and get the Western world to wake up and listen- is never going to speak  a negative word again, at least not about  her Tibetan masters, her gurus and their abuses.  That’s what always happens when the lamas  fold someone back into their tantric net. Tantra actually means “net.”

Mary’s lips are now sealed forever.   Norbu, and his Dzogchen trick up his sleeve,  made sure that  happened. Mary is probably never going to be allowed to walk away.

Not with what Mary knows.

.They “got cha ” Mary.

These clever lamas .

They almost always do.

Particularly the flower children that want to still live in the twenty-something world of their old rock and roll glory days. After all, it is the dream world that your new teacher,  Norbu,  has always said is what is “really true.”

 

 

Christine A. Chandler, M.A., C.A.G.S.

www.extibetanbuddhist.com

Unauthorized use and/or duplication of this material without express and written permission from this blog’s author and/or owner is strictly prohibited.

Tibetan Guru Cults Recruit by Stealth

MNDFL CENTER OPENS IN GREENWICH VILLAGE NYC

 

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http://www.wsj.com/articles/meditation-centers-get-in-touch-with-modern-age-1451078424

Lodro Rinzler, Director of  the Shambhala  Center  in Chelsea NY,  and long-time student of his guru, Osel Mukpo, son of Trungpa,  whose father  brought his sexually exploitative tantric cult from Tibet to the West , is morphing by distancing  from Tibetan lama scandals  in order to  find  new ways to recruit for  Tibetan Lamaism and his guru.

Not being satisfied with their decreasing enrollments and the  increasingly tarnished reputation of Tibetan Buddhism in general,  with its  sexual exploitation and tantric Law of Inversion,  that allows deception and  hiding one’s true intent    Mr. Rinzler has recently co-founded the  MNDFL center in Greenwich Village, NYC.

Rinzler’s Tibetan Buddhist  and Shambhala affiliations , at least for now, are left out of his  bio under “teachers”  on his  MNDFL center’s website. 

An Achayra of Shambhala International, Eric Spiegel, is a  financial investor  and member of  Shambhala.  He  is also on-board as a  teacher on the  tantric meditation train at MNDFL , someone who has been a cult member for forty years.  His is a devotee of   his dead  guru Trungpa,  Trungpa’s notorious Western regent, Thomas Rich  and now  Trungpa’s  son, Osel Mukpo ,  God King and  earth protector as well as the  ruler of the Shambhala Kingdom according to Mr. Spiegel’s  third eye.

Even Mr. Mukpo Jr.’s  devotee and  cook is listed as a teacher at MNDFL.

Sharon Salzberg, popular author ,  now devotee of Tibetan lamas  and listed as a teacher at MNDFL,  is also the enabler  and guru-worshiper of  the sexual predator,  lama Sogyal Rinpoche.  She perfectly  represents the new Western Buddhist who has  merged her mind and her other Buddhist practice with her Tibetan lama gurus  but pretends to be just a teacher of  simple meditation to help people relax.

 

MNDFL is the the  trial balloon of these merged eastern cult streams to see how many people can be caught in their Buddhist-Hindu religious net.

The most cultic group of Tibetan Lamaism pretending to be westernized

The Shambhala cult and their God King, Trungpa’s son on his throne.

Guru-worshiping members of Shambhala,  like Mr. Rinzler and Mr. Spiegel and the cook , along with other Western Tibetan Buddhists,   are always scheming,  24/7,  on how to bring more students into their fold.  Now they have decided to just pretend  they are not doing this  by creating a stripped down meditation center seemingly without any religious affiliations at all.

Their new “meditation boutique” charges for each meditation session, or in packages by the month. This is  for those who are turned off by the proselytizing of Tibetan Buddhism, Hindu Ashrams and other religious meditation centers and want to learn to meditate without being recruited by a cult.  Like the one Mr. Rinzler  is still fanatically devoted to , teaches at,  and  recruits for, non-stop.   Not only is Mr. Rinzler the director of the Chelsea  Shambhala center,  but he writes books and articles and teaches Shambhala meditation for his guru at various  Shambhala and other venues throughout the year. 

Mr. Rinzler’s own specialty  for the last decade in the organization has been trying to be cool and hip to reach millennials and  seduce them into his  Shambhala organization.

“You can just hang out and grab some tea” says  Mr. Rinzler, the   MNDFL’s “chief spiritual officer.” You can also buy  ” MNDFL-branded mugs, tees, totes and $150 meditation cushion sets”  when you first come through the door and will be none the wiser that you have entered a place of affiliated Hindu and Buddhist cult religions and their fanatics.   Or that most senior officials of Shambhala International are part of the Tibetan Lama  Karme Kagyu cartel- a medieval,  Trojan horse and running the  MNDFL show.

MNDFL is the clever corporate  “Mindful-branding” -the new commodity label for ‘environmental awareness,” “sustainability”,  and “healthy living”  being  tied into “meditation.”   Even the “tiny house” movement is part of the new MNDFL brand. Hoping to reach  a new generation, they are now  being  manipulated by corporations and cults  all hooked up now together in a  “A Spiritual Materialistic Explosion” to create the new spiritual commodity of meditation to dumb the world down,  but keep them shopping.

This is a “secular spirituality”  created and spearheaded by an 11th century priesthood of misogynistic theists and brigands with their  guru-worshipers and Western enablers who are programmed by their atavistic Tibetan  leaders  to be the least mindful and aware people in the room.

Shambhala International’s favorite shills for its deceits have always been expected to be great recruiters and entrepreneurs  as well as devoted students   to its  Tibetan  lama  lineage of their now  dead Trungpa (gurus never die they  just reincarnate).   Trungpa’s son, Osel Mukpo,  featured above on his throne,   whose  royal garb alternates with his specially tailored , priestly  robes, depending on the occasion,   rules his organization like a patriarchal,  wannabe Arab prince.  He puts”materialism”  boldly out front   in  the new movement of   “spiritual materialism, ” a term his father coined for quite a different reason.

The  real estate of  their guru,  Mr. Mukpo  Jr. and his  250 Shambhala Tibetan Buddhist centers, world- wide,  has to keep  expanding and always needs free labor,   constant cash donations  and  lots of membership-dues  as well as a  fresh  and continuous supply  of  younger devotees to do the Tibetan lamas’  bidding.  This bidding includes  becoming proselytizers and true-believers, like Mr. Rinzler, Mr. Spiegel and the cook.  It is also always hoped that their will be some attractive  young female  students  to become one of  the many  serial sexual consorts for the  Tibetan Lamas and their  cartel .  It is not unusual for these humble monk lamas on thrones to  share their Western sexual consorts among each other. Pimping  for their gurus can be another important duty  of devoted  Western Tibetan Buddhists in the  guru’s inner circle.

Plying people with cookies and tea and “social gatherings, ”  like the MNDFL is doing,   has  always been  Shambhala International’s  “modus operandi” – its love-bombing and seduction techniques at their own Shambhala  centers for the last forty years.    Nothing new about this deceptive strategy.  Shambhala members always follow  their  manuals  to  attract and keep new students in their net.  This makes creativity limited among their  Shambhala cookie- cutter presentators and why they keep re-inventing the wheel always resulting  in a constant stream of “theme and little variation” schemes.   But now they have decided to pretend there  MNDFL center has no other affiliations.    Just a “space to breathe” they all say as they slowly tighten the Tibetan Buddhist Hindu tantric net and yoke.

Shambhala International ‘s traditional  enrollment numbers are always in flux, despite their latest money-making scheme of  bringing  Shambhala cult teachings online.  This  constant dip in membership is  very dangerous for  their guru’s  lavish lifestyle ,  along with  his enrollment ambitions that  always fall about nine million, nine hundred and  ninety-five thousand members short of  his ten million member mark.

You wont find any lectures, elaborate Tibetan shrines  and banners at MNDFL,   since these things  are clearly turning people off ,  so Mr. Rinzler  and pals have  simply stripped it down completely,  and cleaned it up to look like a “meditation mall. ”

But this is not a group of diverse meditation instructors or secular meditators,  as they deceptively claim. Almost all of them are affiliated with Tibetan Buddhist cults and/ or Hindu, Vedic and  Yogic teachings- i.e. Tibetan Buddhism’s  Tantric roots, and most  are in the Shambhala International organization or affiliated with it.

The Theravada and Zen groups , along with their Hindu tantric brethren, have  recently  joined forces with Tibetan Buddhism, the most popular, unfortunately,  in the United States.  They have decided there is strength in numbers so they have united in their consumer marketing campaign. This makes their real intent invisible to the public  by  it being embedded  into so many  meditation choices that  ultimately lead to the same place.

As Mr. Rinzler says,  “Well, we like to think of it as a meditation university”!

“Meditation and Mindfulness ” is the new  commodity  tied into certain  multi-national corporations and created  by these Tibetan Buddhist lamas  and their Western guru-worshiping enablers, like Mr. Rinzler,  Mr. Spiegel,  Ms. Salzberg and the cook.  Deception to reach the masses and fold them into their religious net is perfectly acceptable according to  Tibetan Buddhism’s tantric rules.  But their  goal is not to make people more mindful and aware through meditation,   as they say,  but more passive and easily manipulated, apolitical and turning inward,   at least until they are all on board with Mr. Rinzler and company  with their religious-political ambitions.

Now that  Tibetan Buddhist groups,  like Shambhala, have joined forces and are  tied into  multinational corporatism,   the other Buddhist and Hindu tantric groups have jumped on board.  Corporatism now has a stealth religious arm that has MNDFL as the new brand.

Multinational corporations learned so much when they outsourced in Asia watching their Eastern corporate partners in third-world countries keep their  Hindu and Buddhist workers easily  accepting of their   eighty- hour- work weeks with little pay and no complaint .  “It’s just my karma” they say.  If you add  a Tibetan guru-worshiping component to the mix,   you can make people your slaves  as these  Western global corporations soon found out.

Even better,  if they model  Western Tibetan Buddhists,  like at Shambhala International ,  or like  the Tibetans of old,  they will get them to  pay their lama gurus to work like slaves for them.
In this respect, Mr. Rinzler is operating according to the Dalai Lama’s  far-reaching and equally deceptive grand plan.  Mr. Rinzler is not just pushing his own guru’s   spiritually materialistic  scheming .   This mindfulness meditation commodity  is the new product  and general business model for Tibetan  lamas’ everywhere now,  to hasten their religious infiltration by  insinuating  themselves  into every crook and cranny of  Western culture through a   “spiritual secularism” and “meditation movement, ” and the new MNDFL- Mindful brand.

They can only hope that  the millennials and burnt-out professionals, with hefty trust funds and  six figure salaries, who unwittingly come through their doors and keep coming back,  will remain none the wiser, until they are “caught” in the sticky net of the Hindu-Tibetan tantra. Tantra  translates as a “net” in Sanskrit.

The  fanatic guru-worshiping members  like Mr. Rinzler, Mr. Spiegel, Ms. Salzberg and the cook ,   whose own minds are  always merged with their  gurus,  repeating a looping  tape that whispers in their ears this mantra over and over:   “recruit, recruit, recruit,”  will soon tip their  hands.

I wonder how long  it will take? For the new meditators at MNDFL to  figure out they have been duped?

Knowing how impossible it is for guru-worshipers like Mr. Rinzler, Mr. Spiegel, Ms Salzberg and the cook  to not speak glowingly and incessantly about the wonders of their “enlightened”  teachers and masters and their occult Tibetan Buddhism,   I  predict  it  wont take very long .

 

 

Christine A Chandler

www.extibetanbuddhist.com

Unauthorized use and/or duplication of this material without express and written permission from this blog’s author and/or owner is strictly prohibited.